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You are here: Home > Medical Glossary > Foot Conditions > Plantar Fasciitis
Most common cause of localizd heel pain and is the most common foot problem seen in medical practices. It is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, a ligament structure that supports the arch of the foot. The plantar fascia is a tough, fibrous band of connective tissue that runs from the heel bone to the ball of the foot. When the plantar fascia ligament stretches beyond its normal extension, the soft tissue tears near the heel bone, leading to inflammation and heel pain.
Causes of Plantar Fasciitis
In active, young and middle aged adults, plantar fasciitis is typically caused from running, jumping, or walking on hard surfaces. Runners, tennis players and basketball players are often affected by plantar fasciitis. Those people with high arches, flat feet, or tight Achilles tendons are susceptible to developing the condition as well. Other factors, including inward twisting or the ankle and being overweight can contribute to plantar fascitis. The body's tendon's ligaments and muscles start to lose the normal easticity and resilience during the course of aging, making them more prone to strain during normal daily activities.
Generally the first sign of plantar fasciitis is heel pain during the first steps after getting out of bed or sitting for a long period of time. The degree of heel pain can sometimes lessen with activity, leading to a false sense of relief. The pain often returns after prolonged rest or extensive walking. Pain oftens progresses if the condtion is left untreated and can become excruciating and persistent as the ligament is m ore severly strained. Heel pain is usually located on the media (inside) area of the heel. Other common symptoms include:
-pain that starts as a dull intermittent in the heel or arch, progressing to a sharp, persistant pain
-A sharp pain and/or inflammation through the heel and foot that usually occurs in the morning or after resting gradually disappears with walking
-Tightness in calf muscles or Achilles tendon
-Noticeable heel pain after long periods of standing or walking
-Heel pain that worsens when climbing stairs or standing on the toes
-Hel pain that lessens with activity but returns during rest.
Most cases of plantar fasciitis can be treated with relatively simple conservative methods such as a combination of night splints, rest and ice, orthotics and stretching exercises. The most effective treatment involves the use of night splints, which have been proven to speed healing and reduce the associated heel pain and inflammation from plantar fasciitis.
The information contained on the DiabestMedical.com website is provided for your general information only. DiabestMedical.com under no circumstances recommends particular treatment for specific individuals and in all cases recommends that you consult your physician or local treatment center before pursuing any course of treatment.

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