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You are here: Home > Medical Glossary > Foot Conditions > Bunions
A bunion is a deformity that usually occurs at the head of the long bone-metatarsal bone- leading to the big toe. Most often it occurs in the first metatarsal bone is the one that attaches to the big toe. A bunion may also develop in the bone that joins the little toe to the foot (the fifth metatarsal bone), in which case it is known as a bunionette.
A bunion begins to form when the big or little toe is forced in toward the rest of the toes, causing the head of the metatarsal bone to stick out and rub against the side of the shoe. Bursitis develops. The underlying tissue becomes inflamed, and a painful bump forms.
As this bony growth develops, the bunion is formed as the big toe is forced to grow at an increased angle towards the rest of the toes. This leads to a condition called hallux valgus, where the bone and joint of the big toe shift and grow inward, so that the second toe crosses over it.
Bunions can be caused by a number of conditions:
-Narrow high-heeled shoes with pointed toes
-Injury to the joint
-Genetics (10% to 15% of the time)
Pressure and pain from bunions can be relieved by wearing appropriate shoes, such as the following:
-Soft, wide, low-heeled leather shoes that lace up.
-Athletic shoes with soft toe boxes.
-Open shoes or sandals with straps that dont touch the irritated area.
A moleskin pad can protect the protrusion. In some cases, an orthotic can help redistribute weight and take pressure off the bunion. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroid injections may offer some pain relief.
If discomfort persists, surgery may be necessary.
The information contained on the DiabestMedical.com website is provided for your general information only. DiabestMedical.com under no circumstances recommends particular treatment for specific individuals and in all cases recommends that you consult your physician or local treatment center before pursuing any course of treatment.

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